MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS IS DISTRESSFUL BUT CAN BE MANAGED WITH SIMPLE TIPS

MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS IS DISTRESSFUL BUT CAN BE MANAGED WITH SIMPLE TIPS

Multiple Sclerosis is a neurological disease that disrupts the regular functioning of our nervous system. The insulating covers of neurons in the brain and spinal cord are damaged in multiple sclerosis, resulting in physical, mental, and, occasionally, psychiatric issues. Multiple sclerosis is more common in women than in men. The most common age at which people develop multiple sclerosis is between 20 and 50 years old but it can also occur in children and older adults. In short, it's an autoimmune disease in which the immune system attacks its own cells, leading to its development.

POSSIBLE RISK FACTORS INCLUDE

  • A family history of MS
  • Obesity
  • Smoking
  • Vitamin D deficiency
  • Viral infection caused by Epstein-Barr
  • Certain autoimmune diseases

COMMON EARLY SIGNS

  • Vision problems
  • Tingling and numbness
  • Pains and spasms
  • Weakness or fatigue
  • Balance problems or dizziness
  • Bladder issues
  • Sexual dysfunction
  • Cognitive problems

TYPES OF MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS

  • Clinically Isolated Syndrome (CIS)
  • Relapsing-remitting MS (RRMS)
  • Primary progressive MS (PPMS)
  • Secondary progressive MS (SPMS)

It is unfortunate that, there is no single test which helps in diagnosing this disease. Neurologists and MS specialists make diagnosis by medical history, physical examination, imaging and lab tests. It's a lifelong condition and can sometimes cause serious disability. Treatment of Multiple Sclerosis typically focuses on speeding recovery from attacks, slowing down the progression of the disease and also managing other MS symptoms.

HOW TO MANAGE THE SYMPTOMS OF MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS?

  • Stay physically active and do stretching and strengthening exercises
  • You can use Muscle relaxants to reduce muscle stiffness or spasms, particularly in your legs
  • Your doctor may recommend medicines to reduce fatigue
  • Depending upon the patient’s condition, Doctors may also prescribe other medications for depression, pain, sexual dysfunction, insomnia, and bladder or bowel control problems which are associated with MS

Living with any chronic illness such as Multiple Sclerosis can be difficult, but it can be managed with following few simple tips.

  • Stay connected to friends and family
  • Stay relaxed and practice your hobbies
  • Contact a support group
  • Discuss your feelings and concerns about living with MS with your doctor or a counsellor

By
Dr. G.V.Subbaiah Chowdhary
MD, DM
Senior Consultant Neurologist 
Star Hospitals


For Appointments, Call: 040 4477 7700