Chronic kidney disease is a condition characterised by gradual loss of kidney function. It causes decreased ability of the kidney to filter waste products from blood. As the waste products build up to high levels in blood, it leads to various symptoms like loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, breathing difficulty, fatigue including death.When the kidney disease progresses, it eventually leads to kidney failure needing dialysis +_transplant. Transplant is the best option for chronic kidney disease patients who are on dialysis since it offers a better quality of life and outcomes. Hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis are two types of options for Dialysis.
Peritoneal Dialysis (PD) is type of dialysis which uses the lining of the abdomen called peritoneum as the membrane through which fluids and dissolved waste are exchanged from blood to peritoneal fluid.PD is often under utilised as compared to hemodialysis since there is less awareness about this modality
PD is equally efficacious as hemodialysis. Advantages of PD include greater lifestyle flexibility, independence, can be done by patient themselves, and no blood loss unlike hemodialysis. It can be done at home in a remote or resource limited setting. It is also a good option for people with multiple vascular access failure or severe cardiac failure. More awareness is needed and people should be educated about the benefits of peritoneal dialysis and patient and family should be given choice to decide what suits them.
Dr. Jyothsna Guttikonda
MD, Board Certified in Nephrology (USA)
Consultant Nephrologist, STAR Hospitals
For Appointments, Contact: 040-44 77 77 00