How to deal with Gout

How to deal with Gout

Do you encounter intense joint pain? Then, beware! Gout can give you a tough time. Gout is a form of inflammatory arthritis that tends to develop in people with high levels of uric acid in the blood. Uric acid can form needle-like crystals in a joint and lead to sudden, severe episodes of pain, tenderness, redness, warmth, and swelling. It is characterized by sudden, severe attacks of pain, swelling, redness, and tenderness in the joints, often the joint at the base of your big toe


One may get a gout attack suddenly, and you may get a sensation as if your big toe is on fire. Moreover, the joint which gets affected is hot, swollen, and tender as well. There are different types of gout namely - Asymptomatic hyperuricemia, acute gout, interval or intercritical gout, chronic tophaceous gout, and pseudo gout. 

Various studies suggest that gout is linked with functional impairment and, for many, diminished health-related quality of life. But, the introduction of novel urate-lowering therapies, new imaging modalities, and a deeper understanding of the pathogenesis of gout increase the possibility of better gout care and improved patient outcomes.

Dr. Rakesh Nair, Exclusive knee replacement surgeon at Zen Hospital shares an insight into how to deal with Gout.




The main risk factors:


  • One may suffer from gout owing to faulty eating habits. Eating a diet which consists of meat and seafood and drinking beverages sweetened with fruit sugar (fructose), can put you at the risk of gout.
  • Being overweight can also be problematic. This is so because, if you are overweight, then your body will produce more uric acid and your kidneys may find it difficult to get rid of that uric acid.
  • Certain medical conditions can be the culprits too. These tend to include untreated high blood pressure and chronic conditions like diabetes, metabolic syndrome, and heart and kidney diseases.
  •  Ones with a family history are also at the risk of gout. If there is anyone in your family who is was suffering from this condition then you're more likely to fall prey to gout.
  • Moreover, it is mostly seen in men, as women tend to have lower uric acid levels. But, after menopause, women's uric acid levels approach those of men. Men tend to suffer from it usually when they are in the age group of 30-50, while women tend to exhibit the symptoms usually after menopause. And last but not the least; one may also suffer from gout owing to recent surgery or trauma.

The treatment


Gout is tackled with the help of medications which can be used to deal with the symptoms of gout attacks, prevent future flares, and lower the risk of gout complications like kidney stones. Anti-inflammatory drugs are commonly used for this condition. These medications can help lower inflammation and pain. Moreover, your doctor may also prescribe medications which can help you reduce the production of uric acid or enhance your kidney’s ability to remove uric acid from your body. Here, you must also remember that you should never self-medicate by opting for over-the-counter medications as they can be risky. Medicines should only be taken under the doctor’s guidance.


Follow these preventive measures


Hydration is the key: You should drink a lot of water, and bid adieu to the sweetened beverages you drink, especially those sweetened with high-fructose corn syrup.


•Maintain a healthy weight: Losing weight may decrease uric acid levels in your body. But avoid fasting or rapid weight loss, since doing so may raise uric acid levels temporarily.


Book Appointment: Dr. Rakesh Nair, Exclusive knee replacement surgeon at Zen Hospital