Diagnosing type 1 and type 2 diabetes

Diagnosing type 1 and type 2 diabetes

Dr Sunil Epuri, who is a Consultant Endocrinologist at the Continental Hospitals, discusses difference in diagnosis of type 1 and type 2 diabetes.


There is a popular belief that only children are susceptible to type 1 diabetes.  A recent study has revealed that adults are also likely to have it. This specific autoimmune condition is considered as a ‘disease of childhood’ and thus referred as juvenile diabetes. Recently there was an error when UK PM was diagnosed with type 2 diabetes although it was type 2 diabetes in reality.


Experts from the University of Exeter have come up with interesting updates. According to their new study 40 percent of new cases of type 1 diabetes occur after the age of 30. Thus many adults are wrongly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes although it should have been type 1 diabetes.


There are differences between type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is basically insulinopenic state which implies that the concerned person is facing is decreased production of insulin. This is generally autoimmune in nature. Research work is still going on to explore the reason behind such.


Type2 diabetes is insulin resistance diabetes. It implies that body is producing insulin but the amount of insulin is not enough to maintain suitable blood sugar. Obese individuals face this more as their body becomes resistant to insulin.


For type 1 diabetes, the only treatment is insulin and no oral hypoglycemic drug is prescribed by the endocrinologist. In case of type 2 diabetes various oral hypoglycemic drugs and even insulin are prescribed to the concerned person to reduce blood sugar level.


In case of wrong diagnosis, the impact can be extremely hazardous. In case, a person with type 1diabetes is given treatment for type 2, the blood sugar level will not be under control. A life threatening emergency situation can arise and can cause Diabetic ketoacidosis. Thankfully UK PM survived the situation ahead of wrong diagnosis.


For Appointments : Dr.Sunil Epuri, Consultant Endocrinologist, Continental Hospitals.