Cancer Cases On The Rise
According to the National Health Profile, cancer cases in India are likely to increase by 20 percent over the next five years.
Mouth cancer ranks the highest in men and is supposed to see a 19 percent increase by 2020. On the other hand, gallbladder cancer is the highest in women and will probably increase by 23 percent in the coming years.
Despite the ban on gutkha, mouth cancer incidence in some Indian states is estimated to be above 5 lakh and will rise to more than 6 lakhs by 2020.
The cancer registries in the country show that 15 percent of all cancers in men are mouth cancers. A total of 1,00,000 new oral cancer cases are annually diagnosed in men. The Mumbai cancer registry records the highest, an approximate of 19 percent of all cancers, indicating Maharashtra to be the highest in the incidence of mouth cancers in the Country.
- 60 percent of men reporting to hospitals are in the age-group of 40 to 65 years.
- 25 percent of them are above 65 years of age.
- 15 percent are in the age-group of fewer than 40 years.
- Those with stage 1 and 2 of mouth cancer get cured permanently and can live a normal life.
- Those with stage 3 and stage 4 are cured with the best treatment, but the majority of them have a recurrence and do not survive more than one or two years.
Major Causes of Mouth Cancer
- Chewing of gutkha, paan and zarda.
- High consumption of alcohol.
- Nutritional deficiency caused by not eating enough fruit and vegetables.
Untreated Gallstones Can Be Dangerous
The incidence of gallbladder cancer in Indian women has increased because of the prevalence of gallstones, early onset of gallstone disease and prolonged exposure of the body to gallstones.
Dr Naidu N Bethune, Medical Oncologist, American Oncology Institute, explained, “It is the fourth most common cancer in women in North India. The most common risk factors are the gallstones, which are mostly cholesterol mixed with other substances found in the bile.”
There is a strong need to create awareness about gallstones and their timely treatment, to avoid this cancer. Gallbladder cancer spreads very commonly to the liver, bone and lungs where the outcome of the treatment is very poor.